The contagion of Xylella that already caused, with 21 million infected plants, a massacre of olive trees, leaving a ghostly landscape with lost time, announcements, promises and useless rebounds of responsibility.

This was stated by Coldiretti in commenting on the conclusions of two opinions of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA).

There is no cure

EFSA clarifies that there is still no cure capable of eliminating the Xylella fastidiosa plant bacterium that threatens not only the Mediterranean countries but most of the EU territory. We must therefore intervene to stop the spread of the disease while in the infected areas it is necessary to find adequate systems of coexistence, such as grafts and grafts with resistant varieties.

All of Europe is in danger

The Xylella fastidiosa bacterium could also spread throughout Europe. The EFSA study confirms that “no solution” currently exists to eliminate bacteria in crops and considers the measures implemented to “control” the insects that transmit it “crucial”. Some “promising” experiences are being evaluated in Brazil and Puglia, Efsa continues, where the bacterium was first detected in Europe in 2013.

The Xylella Fastidiosa, considered one of the most dangerous bacteria for plants in the world and which causes diseases that can lead to death, is present mainly in the coastal regions of southern Europe, but according to the Agency has potential for development in the “greater part “of the regions of the European Union with the exception of high altitude areas.

“Almost all of Europe is characterised by climates that may be favourable to the creation of Xylella fastidiosa” and the Mediterranean areas are at “high risk,” the report said. In recent months, after Italy, France and Spain, new outbreaks have been identified in Portugal, the study says.

The EFSA study confirms that the most affected plants are olive trees, especially those over 30 years old, followed by almond and citrus trees. The most resistant plant appears to be the vine, although it has been infected in the United States by Xylella Fastidiosa Fastidiosa.

Puglia Xylella olive trees olive groves. Image: AFP