In France, medically assisted procreation has so far been guaranteed only to married, heterosexual couples who have problems with infertility. French President Emmanuel Macron, during the election campaign, had promised that this would change. Now the Parliament of Paris has opened the debate to change the law and give access to all women, straight, lesbian and single, through the national health system, to assisted fertilisation.
The ‘National Assembly approved in late September in the first reading the first article of the complex revision draft of the national bioethics legislation.
The parliamentary process could last until next summer, protests have already begun by conservative parties, as well as by the Catholic Church. In Paris , those opposed to the measure took to the streets: 600,000 according to the organisers, 42,000 for the police.
The new law would allow women under the age of 43 to have access to medically assisted procreation without limits for sexual orientation or the state of their relationships, so it will not be necessary for them to be married to a man. Children born to a sperm donor should have the opportunity to know their identity at the age of 18.
According to the polls, two thirds of the population would support the new law. This new legislation would bring France closer to England, Holland and the United Kingdom, moving it away from Italy where the restrictions of law 40 are in force, which prohibits assisted procreation for same-sex couples .
In Italy, until a few years ago, it was not possible to resort to heterologous fertilisation, that is, through the donation of gametes outside the couple: the law 40 of 2004 forbade it. The ban was passed in 2014 thanks to a sentence of the Constitutional Court. But to the heterologous only de facto couples, married or cohabiting, and heterosexuals can resort. Not single women or homosexual couples.