Author: Renee Laiviera

‘Media’ is the term used to refer to the communication tools that provide us with information and knowledge. However, such communication tools can also fuel hatred, misinformation and stereotypes. In an equality context, stereotypes need to be explored for their negative effects as they propagate a fixed, over-generalised belief about a particular group or class of people. Members of the public often criticise the media for “perpetuating harmful or unrealistic social stereotypes” based on the grounds of age, race and ethnic origin, religion and belief, gender as well as sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or sex characteristics. For instance,…

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Gender-based violence is a phenomenon deeply rooted in gender inequality and continues to be one of the most notable human rights violations within all societies. Gender-based violence refers to harmful acts directed at a person based on their gender. Both women and men experience gender-based violence but the majority of victims are women and girls. Indeed, one in three women in the EU experiences physical and/or sexual abuse since the age of 15. With the development of online technologies, gender-based cyber violence has become the most common form of an aggressive act perpetrated through electronic communication and the internet. Cyber…

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