This is a guide list for those who are quarantined. It is also dedicated to family members who assist patients: how to manage clothes, not to separate collection, dirty laundry in different containers, pedal bin bins…

  • The person with suspected or known COVID-19 infection should stay away from other family members, if possible, in a well-ventilated single room and should not receive visits.
  • Those who assist them must be in good health and not have diseases that put them at risk of infection.
  • Hands must be thoroughly washed.
  • Family members must stay in other rooms or, if not possible, keep a distance of at least 1 meter from the sick person and sleep in a different bed.
  • Those who assist the patient must wear a surgical mask, carefully positioned on the face when in the same room. If the mask is wet or dirty due to secretions, it is necessary to replace it immediately and wash your hands after removing it with soap and water or with a hydro-alcoholic solution after each contact with the patient or with his / her surroundings, before and after preparing food, before eating, after using the bathroom and whenever hands appear dirty.

sick flu sneezing

  • Hands should be dried using disposable paper towels. If this is not possible, use reserved towels and replace them when they are wet.
  • The patients must cover their mouth and nose when they cough or sneeze, using possibly disposable tissues or a bent elbow, after which hands must be washed.
  • If disposable tissues are not used, wash the handkerchief with soap or ordinary detergent and water.
  • Avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially oral or respiratory secretions, faeces and urine by using disposable gloves.
  • Use containers with pedal opening, with a double bag, positioned inside the patient’s room, to throw gloves, handkerchiefs, masks and other waste.
  • In the case of home isolation, separate collection must be suspended to avoid the accumulation of potentially dangerous materials that must instead be eliminated in the bin of unsorted waste.
  • Put the contaminated laundry in a bag dedicated to dirty laundry wearing gloves. Do not shake dirty laundry and avoid direct contact with skin and clothing.
  • Avoid sharing toothbrushes, cigarettes, kitchen utensils, towels, bed linen, etc. with the patient.
  • Clean and disinfect daily all surfaces such as bedside tables, bed bases and other furniture in the patient’s bedroom, toilets and bathroom surfaces with a normal domestic disinfectant, or with chlorine products (bleach) at a concentration of 0.5 % of active chlorine or with 70% alcohol, wearing gloves and protective clothing (e.g. a plastic apron).
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  • Use the mask when changing the bed linen of the patient.
  • Wash clothes, sheets, towels, etc. of the patient in the washing machine at 60-90°  using a normal detergent or by hand with a normal detergent and water, and dry them thoroughly.
  • If a family member shows the first symptoms of an acute respiratory infection (fever, cough, sore throat and breathing difficulties), call 111.
  • Avoid public transportation to reach the designated health facility.
  • The sick person should wear a surgical mask to go to the health facility and keep a distance of at least 1 meter from other people.
  • Any surface contaminated by respiratory secretions or body fluids during transport must be cleaned and disinfected using a normal household disinfectant with chlorine-based products