In this way it was found that both S2E12 and S2M11 prevent the virus from attaching to the host cell’s Ace-2 receptor and do so with different and competing mechanisms of action. The S2M11 antibody, in particular, also manages to block the famous Spike protein that the virus uses as a key to enter the cell, effectively preventing infection. In addition to neutralizing the virus, the antibodies also appear to favor the reaction of specific immune cells that fight infections, helping them to eliminate the enemy.
“We think that exploiting multiple, different and complementary mechanisms of action allows us to have more benefits in clinical applications,” the study authors write. “Our results pave the way for the refinement of antibody cocktails for prophylaxis or therapy that could have the advantage of avoiding or limiting the emergence of mutant viruses capable of escaping the host’s defenses.”