With summer approaching (even though the weather doesn’t suggest so), we need to start thinking about taking good care of our skin… not that we shouldn’t be doing it all year round, let’s be honest! So let’s see how to distinguish a melanoma from a mole? Here are the symptoms and how to recognise it.
The incidence of Melanoma doubled in the last 10 years. A ‘containable’ datum thanks to the prevention kit: attention to the Abcde rule (Asymmetry, jagged edges, variegated colour, size over 6 millimeters, rapid evolution over time), to the health of the moles, to correct behavior under the sun and regular and regular checks, at least one a year, better if before or after the summer. These are some of the recommendations and highlighted by experts on the occasion of World Melanoma Day which is celebrated on May 13th.
Specialists urge you not to lose sight of some symptoms like bleeding, itching or dryness of a preexisting mole, a ‘speckle’ surrounded by a nodule or a reddened area. Preventing, or discovering the disease at a very early stage, today means making melanoma more treatable, thanks to a multidisciplinary approach to the disease and innovative treatment protocols – from new experimental drugs to target therapy to immunotherapy, to surgery that often manages to cure the disease definitively in the preliminary phase. Treatments that allow a radical change of perspective in the quality of life and in the possibility of survival of the patient.
To prevent a mole from becoming a melanoma, it is necessary to implement correct behaviours under the sun, with a preventive and protective kit made on the one hand by practical measures:
- gradual exposure to the sun, especially in the first days; avoid ‘making the lizard’ in the central hours of the day (from 11 to 17);
- no suntan without the use of correct sunscreens with adequate filters, replacing them with a generous layer all over the body (including often forgotten areas such as eyelids, eyes, ears, feet), after each bath and every 2 hours from the previous application.
- wear protective clothing such as T-shirts, hats / bandanas, sunglasses;
- moisturize the skin also by drinking plenty of water and eating fruit and vegetables under the umbrella during the day;
- nourish the skin at the end of the day with a deep moisturizing cream.