In nature, animals are ‘accustomed’ to adapting to changes and, within a few generations, they are able to ‘change’ in order to be again in perfect balance with the environment. Usually, the main aspects that change in case of adaptation are hibernation, reproduction and migration, so in general the phenological features.
However, due to climate change, some morphological aspects may also change, such as size, body mass or other. We are currently experiencing a phase of great upheavals at the climatic level, the environments are changing, as well as the habitats and all of us living beings are doing everything possible to adapt to these new conditions. But are animals succeeding?
To understand this, the experts analysed animal changes in relation to traits such as mating and the number of newborns, and were able to show that in temperate regions, the increase in temperature is to be associated with the displacement of these biological moments of some animals. This, the experts explain, shows that “the species can remain in their ‘heated’ habitat, based on how quickly they are able to adapt to climate change. Unfortunately the animals that are unable to keep up with climate change are destined to suffer before being able to change.
The study was carried out on very common animals, such as the great tit (Parus major), the European spotted flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) or the common magpie (Pica pica), which we know to be able to adapt rather well. But the question is: if these widespread and adaptable animals cannot keep up with the speed of climate change, what are the hopes of species already at risk of extinction?