Spring, the nightmare season for allergy sufferers is invariably coming. Every year, pollen allergies affect one in five adults. The increase in temperatures and the greater concentration of carbon dioxide due to atmospheric pollution, contribute to intensify this widespread phenomenon that affects both large and small.
During the spring season, various pollens circulate in the air that come into contact with the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose and throat, and over-inflame them. The immune system of those suffering from allergies immediately perceive these foreign bodies as harmful. The immune system of these people at risk activates fiercely the antibodies, the mast cells that in order to defend themselves release histamine, responsible for most of the allergic phenomena, triggering the real problem.
Around spring allergies there are so many false myths that should be unmasked. Here are the main ones:
1. Those who suffer from allergies must stay away from flowers: it is absolutely not true because the real causes for sneezing, hay fever and red eyes are usually pollen released from specific trees such as olive trees, pines and cypresses, herbaceous plants (for example Urticaceae and Graminaceae) or mold spores and fungi that bloom in spring;
2. There are no pollens on the beach: getting away from the polluted city air can help you breathe better. Many beaches border areas where it is easy to find highly allergenic herbaceous plants, such as Chenopodiacee or Amaranthaaceae, shrubs responsible for part of allergic rhinitis summer;
3. Honey counteracts allergies: despite its antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties, honey is not effective against allergic colds;
4. Once spring has passed, one no longer suffers from seasonal allergies: it is a myth to debunk because there are plants such as ambrosia, for example, which blooms from mid-August until the first cold months arrive or the nettle that flowers from May to October. It is necessary to consult the pollen mark and understand in which months it is particularly at risk;
5. Spring allergies cease with growth: allergic rhinitis does not cease with advancing age even if symptoms can diminish with the end of childhood;
6. Hay fever is caused by hay: hay can contain traces of grasses but is not responsible for allergic rhinitis. They are not even accompanied by fever;
7. A clean house prevents allergies: some theories claim that proper cleansing has increased the onset of allergies in recent decades. In a clean and uncontaminated environment the immune system is struggling to develop. It fails to effectively distinguish harmful and harmful stimuli;
8. To avoid allergens, you need to stay at home: staying indoors at the earliest hours of the morning or on dry, windy days can help those suffering from allergic rhinitis symptoms of spring allergies. However, this form of precaution does not eliminate contact with pollen in the air. Avoid hanging out the laundry and always wash your face and eyes before going to bed;
9. Allergies are hereditary: the predisposition to suffer from spring allergies can be inherited but this does not always happen. It is not certain that if you are allergic, so will your child.