Covid-19 deaths in Italy have risen to seven. The latest victim is a 62 year old who died in Como . While the infected are rising hour by hour, with two new cases reported in Sicily, one in South Tyrol and one in Tuscany.
Carpet swab tests revealed over 200 infected on 25 February (the Ministry of Health website officially reports 229 cases, but the numbers are continuously updated), with cases ranging from Turin to Venice, passing through Milan and Piacenza, also if the red zone remains that in the province of Lodi.
After Lombardy, the region with the highest number of cases is Veneto, where a second outbreak has developed and it is not yet clear whether it is connected to that of Codogno.
The new infections
In the night between 24 and 25 February the news arrived that there are two other people tested positive for the coronavirus: originally from Bergamo, they were on vacation in Palermo, where they began to experience the first symptoms and where they were subjected to the swab test. The group of tourists they traveled with was placed in solitary confinement and under observation.
“We immediately informed the national task force and the Istituto Superiore di Sanità to agree on the procedures to be adopted,” said the president of the Sicily Region Nello Musumeci. “We are committed from the night to implement the planned procedures, which were immediately carried out thanks to the work of these days” .
There may also be the first case of Covid-19 in Florence, a 60-year-old entrepreneur with companies in the East. The swab test would have been positive but confirmation from the Higher Institute of Health is awaited. The man would actually have returned to Italy in early January so the hypothesis that he may have been infected on Italian soil by an employee who has experienced symptoms similar to Covid-19 in recent weeks is being considered. At the moment, the Florentine entrepreneur is hospitalised in the infectious disease department of the Policlinico di Careggi.
Also on the evening of February 24, a possible case was reported in South Tyrol, a local man who had been in one of the Lombard risk areas.
The more than 200 infections put Italy in third place in the world in terms of number of infected, after China and South Korea. WHO, which will be on mission to Rome on 26 February, also intervened on the situation in Italy. “We are deeply concerned about the sudden increase in cases,” explained director general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. However, the organization acknowledged that the actions taken by Italy still go “in the right direction”.
The Lombardy also has the largest number of victims (6). The last in Como, where a 62-year-old already suffering from other diseases died. In recent days, an 80-year-old from Castiglione d’Adda (who suffered a heart attack and tested positive for the swab and was transferred to Sacco in Milan, where he died), an 88-year-old in Caselle Landi, an 84-year-old in Bergamo, died 68-year-old in Crema (she was in oncology therapy and died of respiratory complications), a 75-year-old from Casalpusterlengo (died at home).
The first victim in temporal order was a 78 year old from Vo ‘Euganeo, in Veneto. All the deaths, the authorities point out, were elderly and / or individuals with a state of health compromised by pre-existing diseases.
Recently the declarations of Walter Ricciardi, Italian member of the WHO executive committee, to the Messenger: Covid-19, “is not like a normal influence, it has a higher lethality rate. And above all, if we do not stop it quickly, it risks requiring more ICU places than there are in our hospitals”. The arrival of the heat “will help us” , but “the climate will not stop it, the measures we will put in place will stop it”. “It will take two years for the vaccine,” he warns.
The beginning of the epidemic
The Covid-19 epidemic in Italy was discovered by the hospitalization of a 38-year-old from Codogno, originally from Castiglione D’Adda in the province of Lodi. Presenting himself more than once in the emergency room for what seemed like a flu, it was necessary to transfer him to intensive care and following thorough investigations, a possible link with China emerged. He had attended an Italian manager who returned in late January from the Asian country. However, in the following hours the manager’s estrangement clearly emerged: he is not the patient zero. Still the origin of the Lombard outbreak remains unknown.
Given the fervent social and working life of the 38-year-old from Codogno, the tracing machine immediately went into action by tracing direct contacts and isolating the Codogno hospital first and then quarantining the municipalities of Codogno, Castiglione d’Adda and others neighbours. In the following hours, further cases emerged, including a five-a-side soccer partner of patient 1, also hospitalised in intensive care with severe pneumonia.
The numbers of the epidemic in the world
According to WHO reports and reported by our Ministry of Health, the total number of confirmed Covid-19 cases worldwide (34 countries involved) is 80,142 since the beginning of the epidemic, with 2,698 deaths .
The main epidemic outbreak remains in China , where 77,779 cases would be confirmed clinically and in the laboratory, with 2,666 deaths. South Korea follows with 763 confirmed cases, and then Italy.
It should be emphasised, however, that the vast majority of Covid-19 cases show mild symptoms , and an even greater percentage will recover fully.
“We must reduce this great alarm, which it is right not to underestimate, but the disease must be put in the right terms,” said Walter Ricciardi at a press conference at the Civil Protection in Rome. “Out of 100 sick people, 80 recover spontaneously, 15 have serious but manageable problems in the healthcare environment, only 5 percent die, however you know that all the deceased people already had serious health conditions”.
The Johns Hopkins University interactive online application (which draws data from Chinese, US, European and international organisations such as the WHO) reports 27,789 recovered from a total of 80,289 confirmed cases.
The deaths mainly concern elderly people and / or those with health compromised by previous conditions. The experts of the China Center for disease control and prevention (Ccdc) have drawn up a table indicating the individual risk of dying for a person belonging to a certain age group: for those aged 80 or over, it is 14.8%; between 70 and 79 years it is 8%; between 60 and 69 years it is 3.6%; between 50 and 59 years it is 1.3%; between 40 and 49 years it is 0.4%; for the age groups 30-39 years, 20-29 years and 10-19 years it is 0.2%; in the 0-9 years age group, since no deaths were found, the estimated risk is 0.